This will be the fifth time these two nations meet with the Czechs currently leading the series 3-1; the last time these two nations clashed dates back to 2001 when the Czechs beat the Romanians 3-2.
Czech Republic is battling to stay in the World Group as a consequence of a shocking 3-2 defeat against Kazakhstan in the World Group first round in Ostrava. With the visitors trailing 1-2 going into the final day, Andrey Golubev recorded a memorable win over world No. 7 Tomas Berdych, setting the stage for Mikhail Kukushkin to defeat Jan Hajek in the deciding fifth rubber.
Romania was comprehensively beaten by Argentina 4-1 in the World Group first round in Buenos Aires. David Nalbandian and Juan Monaco claimed singles wins over Adrian Hungur and Victor Hanescu respectively on day one, and then Juan Ignacio Chela and Eduardo Schwank wrapped up victory in the doubles rubber.
Czech Republic has only spent one year out of the World Group since its creation in 1981.